Dharamsala (Arvind Sharma )
This year , the Tibetan government in Exile has decided to celebrate Dalai Lama’s 80th birthday according to Tibetan calendar too .On 21st June, which corresponds to the Dalai Lama’s birthday according to the Tibetan calendar (5th day of the 5th Lunar Month), a special long life prayer will be offered to His Holiness by the Central Tibetan Administration in Mecleod ganj in Dharamsala, India. Tsering Wangchuk, Press Officer of Tibetan government said on Monday, “The event will be attended by prominent guests from around the world. There will be two additional days of events (22 &23) including cultural dance, exhibitions and book launches. PM of Tibetan exiled government, (Sikyong) Dr. Lobsang Sangay will launch official greeting video for the occasion of Dalai Lama’s birthday on 17 June 2015, 11 am at Lhakpa Tsering hall, DIIR Mecleodganj . The video will be in Tibetan, English and Chinese languages.” His Birthday shall also be celebrated according to English calendar later in July.
His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, was actually born on 6 July 1935, to a farming family, in a small hamlet located in Taktser, Amdo, and northeastern Tibet. At the very young age of two, the child who was named Lhamo Dhondup at that time was recognized as the reincarnation of the previous 13th Dalai Lama, Thubten Gyatso.
In 1950 Dalai Lama was called upon to assume full political power after China’s invasion of Tibet in 1949/50. In 1954, he went to Beijing for peace talks with Mao Zedong and other Chinese leaders, including Deng Xiaoping and Chou Enlai. But finally, in 1959, with the brutal suppression of the Tibetan national uprising in Lhasa by Chinese troops, Dalai Lama escape into exile in India . Since then he has been living in Dharamsala, northern India.
Tenzin Gyatso, shortened from Jetsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso, born Lhamo Dondrub,is the current Dalai Lama and is the longest-lived incumbent. Dalai Lamas are important monks of the Gelug school, the newest school of Tibetan Buddhism which is nominally headed by the Ganden Tripas. The 14th Dalai Lama received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989, and is known for his heartfelt advocacy for Tibetans worldwide and his lifelong interest in modern science.
The Dalai Lamas are believed to be manifestations of Avalokiteshvara or Chenrezig, the Bodhisattva of Compassion and the patron saint of Tibet. Bodhisattvas are believed to be enlightened beings who have postponed their own nirvana and chosen to take rebirth in order to serve humanity.